What is personality?
Personality originates from the Greek work called PERSONA – WHICH MEANS MASK. In other words, it is the style of life one presents. According to the American psychological association – it is defined as the individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving.
Personality is the total being of a person that makes him different from others in terms of values, attitudes, habits, behaviors, hobbies, and skills. It also refers to the pattern of thoughts, feelings, and social adjustments. At times it is referred to as the character of an individual. It also looks at a person’s reaction to other people and challenges of life.
Conclusively, personality is the study of person’s attitudes, feelings, thoughts, skills, habits, and ability to control self, and relate with others or live peacefully with others.
Looking at the various definitions above, there are key words to note, like; attitudes, values, habits, skills, behaviors, relationships, and management of challenges of life. So as individuals it is empirical to know our life in relation to the above, because it is what makes us different from others.
What is an attitude?
Attitude is a meditated view or stand or position of a person about something or someone, which is exhibited in gestures, words, and body postures. Or it is an expression of favor or disfavor towards a person, a thing, place, or event. It is driven by feelings or emotions, knowledge, belief, and environment.
It is classified as positive or negative; it is positive if it is generally acceptable by the society, and negative if it is generally unacceptable by the society.
What is a value?
A value or values are a set of principles that one regards to be held of importance and that an individual willingly gives it all he/she can in terms of time and resources. In other words it is something that one believes it adds value in terms of spirituality, culture, business, emotions, and sociability. Values are what guide someone’s morals, beliefs, behaviors, and treatment of others.
Expected and acceptable Values in society from any one
All people in life whether they have the following values or not, they expect all people to have the following values among people they relate with in life.
- Hard work
- Creativeness and innovativeness
- And any other value of life.
Questions to ponder about?
- What are your values in life?
- Do you understand the values of your school?
- How are you helping others to stick to the values of your school?
- What are the values of your nation?
- How are you impacting others with your values?
What are relationships?
Relationship is a way objects or people are connected, or it is a state of being connected or together. The connection might be by blood, marriage, nation, tribe, culture, working environment, beliefs, friendship, and many others. Understanding the connection gives us a basis of behavior or a way of treating each other. The ingredients in having a healthy relationships – communication (expression of feelings), appreciation, meetings, sharing, forgiving, giving, sacrificing, and listening.
Questions to ponder about?
- Can you list the relationships you are responsible for in your life?
- What are doing to keep health relationships?
- What is your contribution in all your relationships?
- How do you treat all the people that try to relate with you?
Habits or behaviors
Habit is a tendency of action that is regular and at times it is hard to break or stop. And behavior is the way one acts or conducts oneself towards others. Habits and behaviors affect our actions, performances, operations, reactions, working ability, and our response to situations. Our society has branded habits or behaviors as positive or negative. However, each society and community may have its own habits regarded positive or negative, but as Christians we try to measure our habits and behaviors in line with the Bible. It is our role to understand the acceptable habits and behaviors acceptable in any society or community for us to have healthy relationships, and this helps us to avoid arguments and fights or frustrations.
Questions to ponder about?
- Can you list your habits and behaviors?
- Among your habits and behaviors, which ones can you rank positive or negative?
- What are you doing to change the negative habits or behaviors?
- Do you understand the acceptable habits and behaviors in your society or place of employment?
- How are you impacting others or people around you with positive habits and behaviors?
What are skills?
A skill is the ability to do something well while regarding the time of production. It can be referred to as expertise. It is normally driven by the availability of knowledge, health conditions, and willingness. It can be exhibited as a gift or talent or it can be learnt or adopted. Spices of skills – teamwork, self-leadership, self-motivation, and many others. All of us in life desire to do or have something but at times we forget to look for the skills necessary to support the desire beneath our hearts or minds.
Questions to ponder about?
- What are your skills in life in relation to the work you are doing?
- How much time do you invest in polishing your skills?
- What people do you emulate in the event of pursuing your dreams or profession?
- How are you impacting others with your skills?
What is a Hobby?
A hobby is an activity that one enjoys during his/her free time in life. People’s personality can be viewed or affected by the activities one decides to invest his/her life in whenever free time hits around the corner. Some of our hobbies have been branded evil or holy by the religious circles, or branded wrong right depending on the community around us. So a person shall spend his/her time in a hobby depending on what he/she values in life.
Some hobbies that we spend our time in; watching movies, reading novels or bible, viewing nature, travelling, listening to political and social debates, talking or sharing with others, listening to music, playing games or sports, doing physical exercises, dancing, face booking or whatsapping, listening to preaching, sleeping, and many others. Otherwise, somewhere somehow we all spend our free time in something.
It is advisable to spend time in hobbies that build your life either spiritually or physically. Wise people are always kin to where they spend their free time. Hobbies that lead to acquisition of knowledge in life are the best to invest time in as an adult. In many cases our hobbies can tell our personalities. So lets avoid wasting time in the name of doing a hobby.
Questions to ponder about?
- What are my hobbies?
- How do I spend my free time?
- What are my hobbies contributing to my physical and spiritual life?
- What inspires my hobbies?
- Check if there is need to change your hobbies, and list what to change and what to adopt?
Temperament is the nature of someone as regards the mental, physical, and emotional traits. Or it is the nature of a person in relation to the behaviors one exhibits in society. The psychology theory suggests four fundamental temperaments in human beings as stated below – Sanguine, Phlegmatic, Choleric, and Melancholic.
Character type: these are some of the characters exhibited by sanguine people; lively, optimistic, carefree, always attention seekers, creative, talkative, and they have a high sense of commitment. They normally do well in careers like marketing, entertainment, fashion, political career, sports, and any form of leadership. At times they are easily trapped into the following weakness like addiction to certain things, fraud because of strong desire to achieve, deception, anger, Jealousy, poor concentration skills, and short-temperedness.
Character type; these people are always friendly, baring or patient, less talkative or only talkative the people they know, they always have big-hearts (like giving or helping), and always advisable. They normally suitable for careers like teaching, Nursing, counseling, social services, and accounting. Some of their weaknesses may include fearfulness, poor at conflict solving, in trouble they hide and cry alone,
Hardworking, goal oriented, fast at everything, visionary, quickly relate to those who please them, big-hearts (giving), and self-sacrificing. The weakness for this personality type are- easily irritable, short-tempered, grumpy, cranky, rigged, and easily attracted to rumors. The nature of work they normally enjoy is related the Melancholic.
Character type: goal-oriented people, analytical, logical, practical, straightforward, tend to be lonely, and savvy. These people are normally fit for the following careers like: management, technology, engineering, programing, statisticians, and researchers. They normally have the following weaknesses like; rigidity, addictions,
The above temperaments have been based to determine people’s personality for years. However, it is important to know our type and work on our weaknesses at all times. And it is the role of any leader is to help others develop their personality in life. To their strengths they need encouragement and to their weaknesses they need to be given alternatives.
Questions to ponder about?
- Given time, can you describe your temperament?
- What are the weaknesses in your temperament?
- What are doing to minimize your weaknesses?
- What are doing to build on the strengths in your temperament?
- How are you impacting others with the temperament that God bestowed on you?
Where is personality made?
Any place called home plays the first role in our lives to show us what is valuable and acceptable in life. In many cases we behave what we learnt at home.
School is another place where we adopt some personality as we grow up in life. So, as parents it is our role to study which schools we send our children too, to avoid children growing into a poor personality. Teachers should help children learn and adopt good personalities from each other and as teachers they should be able to
study their children and classify them according to their temperaments, and see how to help them reduce on their weaknesses, as they get encouraged in their strength.
The people around us influence us into a certain character or behavior as we grow up in life, that’s why it is vital to ensure that our children are surrounded with the right people that can influence them positively. When you look at most adults, you see a lot of characters that are in the communities that raised them in life.
The religious organizations that we are raised in do a lot of impartation in our lives as we grow up or as we associate in those religions. They give us a set of values and beliefs, which normally affect our decision making in life. Any parent should be able to ensure that their children are raised in a religion that will influence them into good people with good values.
This may not play much in our early stages but at the end of the day they also influence our beliefs and values in life. And at times the characters of the ruling government are easily depicted in the public.
It is believed that our personalities are made in the biological aspect as genes and chromosomes unite to form a human being. And these theorists believe that our characters are deeply embedded in our genes and that we pass them on to our children during the early years of a baby’s formation.
Questions to ponder about?
- Looking into your life, how did the above institutions impact your personality?
- Can you list the positive and negative traits you learnt from the above institutions?
- How much research do you do to relate what you institutions taught you in relation to other institutions views?
- What plans do you have to change the institutions that God may place in with time?
Other theorists categorize people into two personalities
They assert that extraverts are outgoing people with a warm character, and they believe that these people are easily identified by the following behaviors – Social, crave excitement and change, always carefree, optimistic, crave for recognition,
GOD BLESS YOU!!!! PRESENTED BY PASTOR VICTOR SANDE
Always talkative and playful, always on the frontline, hard to stick to systems, draw energy from masses, they don’t mind about interruptions, can easily be diverted into a new thing, always seeking for recognition, and many other issues that are attention seeking. The people of such personalities are related to the Sanguine and Melancholic.
People of such characters are related to the Choleric and Phlegmatic people. They are quiet, less talkative, less interest in entertainment and sports, and anything that may attract attention. Introverts are not so much social people in life (not friendly), they relate with few people in life, draw energy from their inner world, like being alone, when dealing with people they prefer one on one, they do not care about recognition, they hate interruptions, and are always good at sticking to systems.
Carl .G. Jung’s theory to personality
Carl claims that people’s personality can be categorized in four ways;
Sensing people, intuition people, thinking people, and feeling people, and he concludes by saying that the following are ways of identifying these people;
Sensing people: these people have the following traits: – Practical, they rely of facts, numbers, they can easily drift from a system provided they sense something not right, can easily detect what is not right, cool tempered, forgiving people, present oriented, a bit fearful, not easy at adopting new systems, normally make decisions basing on the prevailing situations, and are always specific.
Intuition people: these people are insightful and inspirational; they rely on theories, trends, they always fear to start new ways, they stick to systems, hard to tell their temper, decision based on the past experiences, at times rigid, and are future oriented.
Thinking people: these ones are governed by rationale, they are always objective, most times reserved, so analytical, they take long to arrive at a decision, most times in conflicts or arguments, can be banked on for new ideas (innovative and creative), hard to stick in system, can easily be short-tempered incase if others disagree with their stand, somewhat attention seekers, and are always time cautious.
Feeling people; these ones are governed by emotions, always sympathetic, can easily give, can easily be convinced, always goal focused but can easily be distorted, decision making is based on how they feel at the time, it is hard to stick in friendship though can easily forgive or stick on an issue, not patient, always crying, short-tempered, somehow attention seekers, and always talkative.
Taking the four personalities; People in life may have more than one personalities or the path of life may dictate a person’s personality as he/she grows in life. Or people may oscillate among two or three personality. It is next to impossible to find people with one type personality.
THE SPIRITUAL PERSPECTIVE
In the spiritual sense, we see personality as the spiritual state of the spirit man of a person. Human beings are tripartite beings, who God made in his image with a spirit, soul, and body – 1thessalonians 5:23, and Hebrews 4:12.
Briefly the distinction between the three parts that make up a human being: 1. Spirit gives man a God- consciousness, 2. Soul gives man Self-consciousness, 3. Body gives man a World-consciousness. Looking at Genesis 1:26 and 27, and Genesis 2:7 gives us the distinction of how man was created by God. The body which houses the flesh, bones, blood were made out of the dust of the ground.
The Lord breathed the spirit into man’s nostrils, and man becomes a living soul.
The soul, which is the center of all spiritual affairs, God’s intention of sending his Holy Spirit was to help the spirit of Man relate with the heavenly God. The soul of Man can be thirsty, hungry, aggrieved, and also loving (Jeremiah 31:25, Psalms 42:2, Job 30:25, Song of Solomon 1:7). The character of Man is housed in the soul of man, and it is the one that dictates the personality of man.
Man has two spiritual worlds to give his soul to, and that is the Godly spiritual world and satanic spiritual world. Man’s personality is determined by what world his/her soul related with. When a person’s soul closely relates with satanic world then a character of cruelty is seen out of that person’s life, and that character is depicted by things like anger, rage, quarrels, fights, malice, envy, and many others (Galatians 5:19-21, Mark 7:20-23, Colossians 3:5-8).
And if the any man’s soul relates with God, then that person depicts a good and honorable character in society as stated in Galatians 5:22-23 – love, joy, meek, patience, and many others.
And in the spiritual perspective we believe that a person’s character or personality is built by his relationship with one of spiritual worlds, and that parents depending on the way they raise their children, they pass on a holy or evil personality. In the spiritual perspective personality is viewed as a sinful one or a holy one depending on the habits and behaviors of the people. And it is out of this that people commit crime or cases by under stepping the laws of God and Government.
How we build a spiritual character
In Romans 5:4, the Bible tells us that endurance produces a good character. One must plan to ne patient with himself and others around as he/she fights or struggles to have a changed character. God may let some kind of situations in life just for the purpose of shaping another character/personality in our lives. Without God, we can’t change our character/personality as adults. Everyone knows himself/herself, that is God says that each man knows himself (1corithians 2:11), and that people are characterized by what comes out of them (Mark 7:20, Mathew 15:11). It is the role of any adult to work on the transformation of a personal character or personality.
The Bible is the core-book to guide in developing a person’s personality in life. And the earlier a person is introduced to this book of life, the better a person’s character is shaped. As earlier stated in the value part, all people want to relate with good people.
More Questions to ponder about
- What is your vision, mission, goal, purpose, and objectives (VMGPO) in life?
- Do you understand the VMGPO of your school?
- What are you doing to build the school to achieve its VMGPO?
- What are you doing to achieve your VMGPO?
- How are you impacting others with your VMGPO?
- Which people are you relating with to help you reach your VMGPO?
How to tell people’s personalities
- Study the trend of their behaviors
- Study the trend of their values
- Study how they spend their free time
- Study how they react to challenges of life
- Study how they make decisions in life
- Study what they talk about most of their time
- If possible check on their Facebook accounts see who they share with, and what they post.
- See who they spend time with
- Check on their response when it comes to social activities.
- Check on their response to new ideas and strategies
- Check on how they treat those who disagree with them.
- Check on how they react to new systems and philosophies.
How to relate with others in life
- Find people whom you share the same values
- Learn how to be tolerant, forgive, and unite others.
- Love patiently with those who seem not appreciate you.
- Learn to share with others and listening to others at all times.
- Come up to challenges and accept defeat where necessary.
- Show others that you can also make mistakes
- Accept other people’s views at times.
- Do things that may not agree with your feelings.
- Considers others more than you consider yourself.
- Always ask yourself, how am I contributing to others than always wanting others to contribute to you in life.
How to change a character or personality
- Accept and write down all the negative or bad or evil habits, behaviors, hobbies, and values.
- Seek for help from experts and spiritual leaders.
- Learn to accept defeat and relate with those that seem better than you in life.
- Give credit to others where necessary.
- Teach yourself principles or values like forgiving, patience, sharing, giving, and helping.
- Do things that at times the majority may seem to do as long as it does not violate your values.
- Kill the high ego in you by suppressing it while doing the opposite to what it is calling for in life.
- Tune your mind to new ways/systems, and practices.
- Seek for God’s intervention in Prayers and fasting.
- Read materials that lead to change.
- In everything be patient with you.
- Change hobbies.
- Seek new people and go new places.
Different scholars are still studying human personalities to clearly determine the source of change in personalities or character. However, the above information gives us a basis of understanding human personalities or characters. For personal consumption, one needs to understand the people, the organizations, the communities or a country is in to determine how to behave and relate with others.
However, it is the role of each person to study others and learn how to live with them in life. We all want to relate with people that we share the same personalities but life pushes us to live with others, and it is on this note that we need to be patient with others or help them become better people instead of distancing ourselves from them.
A good personality should have the right values, attitudes, habits, and behaviors, and people having a vision, purpose, Goal, objectives, and mission in life back a good personality. Thus it is vital for all people to have the above in life as they manage whatever they are managing.
As teachers we are part of shaping people’s lives at an early age in life, so we need to do all we can to influence our children positively in life. Remembering that children do or act according to what they see, hear and touch. Lets influence our children to have the right values, attitudes, habits, and behaviors in life, both in words and actions. And remember to help children build up a vision, mission, goal, purpose, and objectives for their lives, and as well help them stick to the one of their school.
GOD BLESS YOU!!!! PRESENTED BY PASTOR VICTOR SANDE